With a population of 4.5 million (2001), Ahmedabad is the largest city in the state of Gujarat, and one of the largest urban agglomerations in India. Ahmedabad in situated on the banks of the Sabarmati River, was founded in 1411 by Sultan Ahmed Shah and named after its founder. Although, archaeological evidence proves that Ahmedabad was inhabited by humans since the 11th century.Ahmedabad, under British rule, acquired a military cantonment-- and thereafter the city's infrastructure grew, modernized and expanded.The city was well known for its booming textile industry, and was even called "the Manchester of the East".Ahmedabad played an important role in the Indian independence movement in the early 20th century, and was the centre of many campaigns to promote workers rights, civil rights and political independence. Today, Ahmedabad is a rising centre of education, information technology, scientific industries, as well as retaining its status as the cultural and commercial heart of the region.
Ahmedabad attracts tourists from all over the world because of its unique mixture of Muslim-Hindu architecture.One of the biggest attractions in the city is the Sabarmati Ashram, built in 1905.The building served as the headquarters of Mahatma Gandhi, and it was from this post that Gandhi took off to participate in many protests against the British. The building is home to his works and teachings, and has a beautiful statue of the Three Monkeys of Mahatma Gandhi. Another popular tourist attraction is Kankaria Lake, a man-made lake built in 1451. The lake is home to an island summer palace, fit with a zoo, aquarium, open-air theatre and a boat club. There are many outdoor activities in Ahmedabad, including bird watching. Don't forget one of the major attractions of the region-- Lothal, a site of much importance to archaeologists. This site is believed to be associated with the Indus Valley Civilization.