Capital city of Australia, Canberra (2007 population 340,800) is A largest inland city. Settled in be both Melbourne and Sydney, Canberra was made the capital in 1908 a compromise to the two rival cities. Canberra is unique in that is was a purpose-driven and pre-planned city. After an international competition, the winners Walter Griffin and Marion Griffin of Chicago commen the construction of the city in 1913. Also known as the "bush capital" for its large areas of natural vegetation, Canberra emerged as a thriving city after Wor II. Although Canberra is now fully Westernized, it once belonged to the indigenous Ngunnawal and Wal tribes. With various other tribes in and around the area, there is archaeological evidence of human least 21,000 years. Canberra means "meeting place" in the old Ngunnawal language.Europ 1820's, and many settlers came later in the 19th century to work.
With an interesting history, it is easy to see why Canberra holds so many monuments and great institutions. Visit the Australian War Memorial, the National Gallery of Australia, the National Portrait Gallery, the National Library of Australia, the National Archives of Australia, and the National Museum of Australia all within city limits. daring architecture, tells the story of Australia from an shaped the face of Australia. Profiling more than 50,000 years of indigenous heritage, the building hol largest collection of Aboriginal bark paintings and stone tools. preserved historic homes in Canberra, including the Lanyo homesteads, the Mugga-Mugga homesteads and Blundell's Cottage. Settlers, and is a must-see in this city.