Cologne is one of the oldest cities in Germany, founded in 38 BC by the Romans. Today, Cologne is the 4th largest city in Germany, boasting more than 10 million inhabitants. Lying on the river Rhine, Cologne has a fascinating history which explains the beautiful and unique architecture seen throughout the city today. The Centre of this great city was almost completely destroyed by air raids during World War II. Buildings with historical significance were reconstructed in their original style and the old layout and naming of streets was respected. However, intermingled with these historical buildings are many modest post-war buildings in the style of the 1950 s.
Cologne has moderate to mild winters with very little snow. Summers tend to be humid, making autumn an ideal time to visit this interesting city. This is also the perfect time to enjoy Cologne s carnival season which begins on November 11th of each year. Many tourists flock to the city on the Thursday before Ash Wednesday to celebrate the Cologne Carnical, one of Europe s biggest street festivals.
A landmark and and unofficial symbol of the city is the K lner Dom. This gothic cathedral took over 600 years to complete and is well worth a visit. Another piece of cologne s history is of course Eau de Cologne. The perfumed water was originally marketed as a cure-all before eventually evolving into what we commonly know cologne as today.