Pau is a picturesque town on the northern edge of the Pyrenees, the capital of the Bearn region in France. Ideally situated 100km from the Atlantic and 50km from Spain, Alphonse de Lamartine once commented that "Pau has the world's most beautiful view of the earth just as Naples has the most beautiful view of the sea."
In the center of Pau there is a magnificent castle, the Ch teau de Pau, which was the birthplace of the 16th century king of France Henry IV and was also once used by Napoleon as a holiday home during his period of power. Check out the small garden that was tended by Marie Antoinette during the summers she spent in Pau and the collection of tapestries that is now housed there.
Wander the streets behind the boulevard des Pyr n es, which stretches along the rim of the scarp above the Gave de Pau. On a clear day, the view from boulevard is magnificent, encompassing a 100 km sweep of the highest Pyrenean peaks. Also worth a visit is the Mus e Bernadotte , located a short distance from the Ch teau.
Pau is also famous for being home to the first race to be called a Grand Prix in 1901. The race subsequently moved to other cities in France, not to return to Pau until 1933.