Near to the Slovenian border is Friuli-Venezia Giulia, a well known Northeastern Italian region. In this region lies the province of Trieste, which has seen many battles throughout its history. Trieste is also the capital city in the province, with 208,614 people living here as of 2007. With the history behind Trieste and it's historic port, this city holds something special that various nations have tried to seize for centuries. One of the most succesful era's of defeat was when the Austro-Hungarian Empire took Italy's important port city for hostage. With the gulf of Trieste being a main vessel for Eastern European countries, it was only inevitable that whoever desired this zone was going to have to fight for it. After World War II the Italian flag was raised for Trieste, until this day Trieste is a free zone.
Trieste is often arrived by ship, the main focus being on it's harbour. Many cruiseships pull into its port for a look at the port at all the souvenirs. Take a walk up its highest point to see views that our ancestors once invisioned. At the top of the hill you will be drawn into the Castello, a castle that has medieval Venetian architecture. If you want to see a good majority of Trieste and it's area, do it for free-- thanks to the Trieste Tourism Promotion Board. The highlight of the tour is "The Grotta Gigante", a massive cave, holding the record of the world's biggest cave. A tour is not finished in Italy without taking a stop at one of the many Castle's in its countryside. For a treat that you might not find anywhere alse in Italy, head to the harbour and have some traditonal Triestian food. The food has more of a Slovenian background-- with dumplings, sausages, and meaty broths as a common meal. Between the waterfront, and the touring, there is never enough time to discover Trieste fully.