Contrary to the stereotype, Wales is not all about sheep and rugby. The country has some spectacular landscapes, a rich history, its own language, and a people that are extremely proud of their distinctiveness from the rest of the UK. The national parks alone are worth the trip to Wales. Pembrokeshire on the western coast has particularly breathtaking scenery while Snowdonia and Brecon Beacons should be explored to discover the magnificent Welsh mountains and castles.
It may not be the first activity that comes to mind when you think of Wales, but the waters off the Isle of Anglesey and southern Wales have excellent scuba diving spots. Out of the water, you can pitch a tent at any of Wales' many campsites, sip a cocktail at the Tenby seaside resorts, or take a ride through the Welsh countryside on the heritage Talyllyn Railway.
You will discover several tiny rural villages built on trades such as fishing or crafts, while the larger cities such as Aberystwyth, Machynlleth, and Hay-on-Wye have developed their reputations as university towns, centres for alternative technology, and book festivals respectively. Welsh food lives up to its status as wholesome yet delicious —be sure to try the seafood cawl or traditional rarebit. For those cool evenings, warm up with beetroot wine and oak leaf mead, or stick with beer, as most of the locals do.
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Cardiff (CWL) has the only international airport in the area. KLM, Delta, Air France, American, United, and Air Canada all have connections to Cardiff Airport via other European airports. These flights are not very expensive but an even cheaper alternative would be to fly to London and then connect to Cardiff on a low-cost airline. A train from London or other major UK cities will get you to the northern areas of Wales if that's where you're headed.
To make the most of your trip, skip the wettest months from October to January, although like the rest of the UK, the weather here is fairly unpredictable and you can get occasional showers even at the height of summer. July to August is the peak tourist period when the whole of Wales can get rather crowded. Visit in May, June, or September to avoid the worst of the crowds and rain, while still managing to catch some of the long summer days.
The average winter temperature is 10°C while in summer it is about 20°C. However, temperatures and climate can differ vastly depending on whether you're in the mountains, on the coast, or somewhere in between.